The history of four world-leading Italian motoring brands
From the most emblematic models to the most successful, revolutionary people, and the most significant events, this section illustrates and celebrates the cornerstones of Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth.
The innovative Alfa Romeo 1900, produced during the 1950s, was used as a platform for the creation of high-performance racing prototypes. After the 1952 Disco Volante (Flying Saucer), bodied by Touring, Alfa Romeo entrusted the “2000 Sportiva” project to another coachbuilder and design studio, Bertone. In 1954 Bertone penned a Coupé and a Spider that were as deftly sculpted as they were fast.
Alfa Romeo won the first two Formula One World Championships during the post-war reconstruction period, but decided to concentrate all its resources into building production cars, thereby exiting the fledgling F1 championship with an unbeaten record. This pivotal change at the Portello plant notably resulted in the “1900”, which was the marque’s first car built entirely on a production line and the first Alfa with a load-bearing body integrated with the chassis.
Alfa Romeos were soon celebrated and coveted as luxury cars with a sporty dimension. To meet demand from gentleman racers, the “Biscione” brand built a number of exclusive competition variants alongside its series-produced saloons and employed renowned Italian coachbuilders—Zagato, Pininfarina, Touring, Bertone and Boano—to design vehicles that were also suitable for racing.
Aeronautic advances made during the war gave the designers a better understanding of how aerodynamics played a fundamental role in improving a car’s performance, in addition to engine power and a lightweight body.
ALFA ROMEO 1900 SPORT SPIDER
ALFA ROMEO 1900 SPORT SPIDER
Straight 4, longitudinally-mounted front engine, 2 Weber carburettors, 1977 cc.
140 HP @ 6.500 rpm
TYPE OF BODY
The already sophisticated four-cylinder engine of the Alfa Romeo 1900 was tuned up to 138 hp. This power increase, combined with a weight of just 880 kg, allowed the prototype 1900 Sport Spider to reach a top speed of 220 km/h.
The “Millenove” (Italian for “1900”) was the first Alfa car with a load-bearing body, but racing models were given a lightweight yet robust tubular trellis frame covered with aerodynamically-shaped body panels. The 1997 cc twin-cam engine, equipped with two twin-barrel carburettors and a forced lubrication system, developed 138 hp at 6500 rpm. The car had a five-speed manual transmission with central lever control and rear-wheel drive, as well as independent front suspension and solid De Dion rear axle suspension with a Watt’s parallelogram linkage.
Alfa Romeo commissioned the Bertone design studio to develop two sports cars, a spider and a coupé. The Turin-based coachbuilder built four specimens with aluminium bodies, two of each type. The 2000 Sportiva Coupé—justifiably considered one of the most beautiful 1950s berlinettas ever produced—influenced the styling of the contemporary Giulietta Sprint, which was also penned by designer Franco Scaglione.
By contrast, the Spider was distinguished by its streamlined and tapered shape and the elegant, downward-facing radiator grille, which featured the Alfa Romeo shield and two classic side lobes. The result was a distinctive profile that was subsequently retained on many Portello-built sports cars, from the Giulia TZ Zagato to the Spiders of Pininfarina, but above all the 33 and particularly the 33 Stradale, which unsurprisingly was another Scaglione design.
The very rare Alfa Romeo 1900 Sport Spider, which belongs to the FCA Heritage collection at the Alfa Romeo Museum in Arese, has already participated in numerous retrospectives of the historic Mille Miglia, most recently in 2018, when it was driven by Coldplay bassist Guy Berryman and professional racing driver Derek Hill.
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