The world of Heritage
All about the department that champions the historic heritage of Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth.
The history of our cars and our brands
People’s passion for classic and vintage cars has no borders, but there are certain places at a definite point in space, and suspended in time, which conserve the essence of this passion. Places like Heritage.
Centro Storico Fiat
Heritage HUB
Officine Classiche
Museo Alfa Romeo
Heritage Gallery
Heritage Points
A world of grand international events
Participating in the sector’s main events is an unmissable opportunity to admire up close the legendary cars that have inspired generations of fans.
The latest events:
Bologna (IT) |
26-29 October 2023
Auto e Moto d’Epoca 2023
Stellantis Heritage features at the salone Auto e Moto d’Epoca.
Rho (MI) |
17-19 November 2023
Milano AutoClassica 2023
The debut of Fiat Multipla 6x6 and tribute to Autodelta
Heritage stories
We describe a century of technology, style, competition and performance. We tell our story, and yours.
Last Stories:
Some connections lead to great stories.
Fiat-Abarth 850 TC & Fiat-Abarth 1000 Berlina
Abarth conversions of the Fiat 600
Fiat 600
The ideal family car
The Heritage universe is constantly evolving
Stay up-to-date with the hottest news, don’t miss out on the latest collaborations and discover behind-the-scenes insights and anecdotes in interviews with insiders.
Last News:
Turin, 12 April 2024
Heritage pays tribute to the history of Abarth with two special projects
A temporary exhibition and the announcement of the Abarth Classiche 1300 OT project.
17th November 2023
Stellantis Heritage at Milano AutoClassica
The debut of Fiat Multipla 6x6 and tribute to Autodelta
Discover our brand and model clubs all over the world
Use our locator to find your nearest brand and model clubs.
The history of four world-leading Italian motoring brands
From the most emblematic models to the most successful, revolutionary people, and the most significant events, this section illustrates and celebrates the cornerstones of Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth.
From now on, you and your passion can count on a team of experts
Certificate of Origin, Certification of Authenticity, restoration. To guarantee your car's timeless charm.
The classic boutique
Enter a world built on passion. An extensive range of products offered by Heritage to feed your timeless passion.
Cars for sale
Reloaded by creators is the Heritage project involving the sale of a small number of classic cars from the Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth brands: historic models, with certified authenticity, restored to their original beauty by the Constructor itself.


The forerunner born out of passion

The first Fiat was made in 1899 based on a design by Aristide Faccioli. The Fiat 3 ½ HP looked like a horse-drawn carriage.

The 3 ½ HP was the first car made by the Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino. It was built at the end of 1899, several months after a group of ten or so aristocrats and notables from Turin interested in automobiles had founded a new company specifically dedicated to this innovative product on July 11.

It was the dawn of motoring and the first cars were reminiscent of horse-drawn carriages. They had large, thin wheels with wooden rims and double leaf-spring suspension, quilted leather seats to comfortably accommodate passengers, awnings to shelter them from the rain, control levers also for steering and small displacement petrol engines.

In particular, the Fiat 3 ½ HP designed by Aristide Faccioli was a compact car that could accommodate two or three people sitting facing each other, two on the seat in direction of travel, one of whom was in charge of operating control levers, and one in an open-top seat facing the opposite way. The bodywork, known as a "Duc", was made by the famed Turin coachbuilder Marcello Alessio.

FIAT 3 1/2 HP - 1899
FIAT 3 1/2 HP - 1899
2 cylinder in line Otto cycle 679 cm³
4,2 HP @ 800 rpm
35 km/h
680 kg
Carrozzeria Marcello Alessio

The first Fiat car was a link between the horse-drawn carriages the 19th century and the engine-powered mobility of the 20th. Twenty-six cars were made, four of which are still in existence today.

While the chassis and bodywork were still heavily reliant on the design of the 19th century horse-drawn carriages, the petrol engine of the Fiat 3 ½ HP had all the features of the cars that would follow. The power output was modest but the engine was technologically modern and sophisticated

Positioned at the back under the seat, the engine had two cylinders arranged horizontally with overhead valves. The exhaust valves were controlled by cams while the intake valves were opened by vacuum. Despite the rudimental fuel feed system, the engine delivered 4.2 horsepower and the 3 ½ HP could touch a top speed of 35 km/h.

Twenty-six cars were made from 1899 to 1900, four of which have survived to the present day. Three are part of the FCA collection and are kept in the National Automobile Museum in Turin, at the Fiat Historical Centre also in Turin and at the National Motor Museum in Beaulieu, Great Britain.

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