The world of FCA Heritage
All about the department that champions the historic heritage of Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth.
The history of our cars and our brands
People’s passion for classic and vintage cars has no borders, but there are certain places at a definite point in space, and suspended in time, which conserve the essence of this passion. Places like FCA Heritage.
Centro Storico Fiat
Heritage HUB
Officine Classiche
Museo Alfa Romeo
Heritage Gallery
Heritage Points
A world of grand international events
Participating in the sector’s main events is an unmissable opportunity to admire up close the legendary cars that have inspired generations of fans.
The latest events:
Online |
5-8 June 2020
Archivissima
Italy’s National Archive Festival.
Paris (FR) |
5-9 February 2020
Rétromobile
The Paris classic car show.
Heritage stories
We describe a century of technology, style, competition and performance. We tell our story, and yours.
Last Stories:
Fiat 127
The revolution that led from the front.
Lancia Flavia
Antonio Fessia’s “everything at the front” revolution
The Raid of the Two Capes
Half a century ago, three Fiat 124 Specials crossed the world
The FCA Heritage universe is constantly evolving
Stay up-to-date with the hottest news, don’t miss out on the latest collaborations and discover behind-the-scenes insights and anecdotes in interviews with insiders.
Last News:
January 29, 2021
Alfa Romeo Museum
The activities are back on track – virtually, for now – with a calendar of monthly appointments.
November 20, 2020
Happy Birthday FCA Heritage!
5 years of activities and successes.
Discover our brand and model clubs all over the world
Use our locator to find your nearest brand and model clubs.
The history of four world-leading Italian motoring brands
From the most emblematic models to the most successful, revolutionary people, and the most significant events, this section illustrates and celebrates the cornerstones of Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia and Abarth.
From now on, you and your passion can count on a team of experts
Certificate of Origin, Certification of Authenticity, restoration. To guarantee your car's timeless charm.
The classic boutique
Enter a world built on passion. An extensive range of products offered by FCA Heritage to feed your timeless passion.
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Pininfarina Spidereuropa

The spider that lived twice

A car with many personalities, the Fiat 124 Sport Spider was originally created in the mid-sixties as a laid-back convertible. It revealed a sporty side that prompted Fiat to enter it in rallies, before successfully launching in the United States and later returning to Europe in the 1980s to satisfy persistent market demand.


One of the longest-lived cars that Fiat has made, the 124 Sport Spider was created in 1966 at the Pininfarina workshops, the brainchild of Tom Tjaarda. Unlike its cousin the 124 Sport Coupé—which was designed by the Fiat Centro Stile and manufactured until 1975 on the same chassis as the saloon—the car conceived by the Dutch-American designer was based on the shortened 124 platform, resulting in a sinuous and compact 2+2 spider that was produced until 1985 in the Pininfarina factories.

The mechanicals of the 124 Sport, Coupé and Spider evolved in line with each new Fiat production: the twin-cam 1400 and 1600 cc engines with two double-barrel carburettors were followed by the 1800 cc, single-barrel carburettor engine of the Fiat 132. Due to its success in the United States, where it was introduced in 1968 by Fiat Motors of North America, the Spider remained in production when the Coupé was discontinued in 1975. 

It was around this time that the Fiat Spider, as it was known across the Atlantic, was modified with protruding, impact-absorbing bumpers and larger side and rear light clusters to comply with U.S. safety standards. The engine displacement was also increased from 1800 cc (90 hp) to two litres to meet stringent anti-pollution regulations and the distributor and carburettors were replaced by fuel injection and electronic ignition, producing 105 hp but plenty of torque to match the car’s alfresco spirit.

Pininfarina Spidereuropa 1981
Pininfarina Spidereuropa 1981
ENGINE
Inline-4 Otto cycle, DOHC, anterior longitudinal, 1.995 cm³
POWER
105 HP @ 5.500 rpm
SPEED
180 km/h
WEIGHT
1060 kg
DESIGN
Pininfarina (Tom Tjaarda)
TYPE OF BODY
Spider

In response to growing demand for roadsters in the European market, the Pininfarina Spidereuropa made its debut at the Geneva Motor Show in 1982, offering a European spin on the U.S.-style Fiat Spider.


The 124 Abarth Rally’s sustained success in competitions, combined with the abiding appeal of this timeless spider, convinced Pininfarina to bring its highly sought-after creation back to Europe.  The twin-tube bumper required by U.S. regulations was eliminated from the European version, improving the car’s profile and restoring much of its original elegance. The side marker lights were also removed along with the rear seat bench, turning the spider into a two-seater. Further updates included the dashboard instruments, mechanicals and chassis setup, which were derived from the Fiat 131 and the Argenta. The 2-litre, 105 hp powerplant remained unchanged and propelled the lightweight roadster—which weighed just over 1000 kg—to a top speed of over 180 km/h.

But Europeans also love horsepower, so at the Turin Motor Show in late April 1982, Pininfarina added the Spidereuropa Volumex to the lineup, equipped with a volumetric turbocharger developed by Abarth that produced 136 hp and a top speed in excess of 200 km/h. The Fiat 124 Sport Spider continued to sell in the United States, where it was known as the Spider Azzurra from 1983, after the Italian yacht racing team skippered by Cino Ricci in the Louis Vuitton Cup.

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